By Whitney Spicer, Capital News Service
Critics of the transportation funding compromise reached by legislative negotiators say the plan would place a huge burden on Virginia taxpayers.
The 98-page compromise must win approval the Senate before it can be signed into law by the governor. The legislative session ends Saturday.
The new plan, which was hammered out by a 10-member conference committee over the past week, would potentially raise close to $900 million a year in transportation revenue. It could be the first transportation funding overhaul in Virginia since 1986 if it passes this week.
The compromise would:
- Raise the state’s sales tax from the current 5 percent to 5.3 percent.
- Add a 3.5 percent motor fuel tax at the wholesale level and a 6 percent diesel tax.
- It would eliminate the state’s 17.5-cent-per-gallon gasoline tax.
- Create regional authorities in Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads that could raise funds independently to spend on transportation.
The transportation agreement also includes an Internet sales tax that would generate revenue for the state of Virginia under the Marketplace Equity Act. According to the transportation conference report, 57 percent of Internet sales tax revenue, or $183 million a year, would go toward transportation.
A clause in the agreement provides a contingency if Congress fails to pass the Marketplace Equity Act by January 2015. In this case, the wholesale tax on gas would rise from the proposed 3.5 percent to 5.1 percent.
Del. Rob Krupicka, D-Alexandria, offered his reluctant support for the compromise.
"This bill does not solve Virginia's vast infrastructure needs," he wrote in a statement. "But it makes a dent in the work we have to do. It creates a lot of new construction jobs for our state. It is also a compromise. All of us can find something to hate in this. People on the right and left oppose this package for different reasons. There are elements of this package related to VDOT funding control that I believe give VDOT too much power on road policy. There are taxes that many, including me, oppose. There are funding sources used in this package that many don't agree with. All of us can find something to criticize. But the issues we face with transportation are too dire to just kick the ball down the road."
Eliminating or Reducing Gas Tax Central to Debate
Gov. Bob McDonnell hopes to wean Virginia off the gas tax, which he says is a declining revenue source because of more efficient cars.
“When we launched our effort to fix transportation, we called for decreasing Virginia’s reliance on the steadily decreasing transportation revenue source of the gas tax,” the governor said. “The plan agreed to today achieves that goal.”
According to McDonnell, the new plan would reduce the amount that Virginians pay at the pump by an estimated 6 cents per gallon. He said this would add up to almost $272 million per year saved by motorists.
But Democratic Sen. Dick Saslaw said the transportation compromise would not accomplish that goal.
“They haven’t really eliminated the gas tax at all. They’re just collecting it in a different manner. No one should be fooled by that,” said Saslaw, the Senate Democratic leader.
Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli was among the growing number of conservatives who spoke out against the compromise, saying it "contemplates a massive tax increase."
“In these tough economic times, I do not believe Virginia’s middle-class families can afford massive tax increases, and I cannot support legislation that would ask the taxpayers to shoulder an even heavier burden than they are already carrying, especially when the government proposes to do so little belt tightening in other areas of the budget,” he said.
Grover Norquist, president of Americans for Tax Reform, claimed the transportation bill would raise taxes by $6.1 billion over the next five years.
Fairfax Sen. Chap Petersen wrote on his blog that the bill was "the very opposite of fair, equitable and uniform."
"Instead, it’s a grotesque combination of tax cuts, tax rebates, tax increases, new taxes, old taxes which are phased out (and then reappear elsewhere), regional alliances, regional funds, regional goals, statewide goals, special projects, and exceptions to all the above. All boiled into one report which will be voted on with zero public comment," he wrote.
Patch Editors Drew Hansen and Erica R. Hendry reported for this story.
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